AskDefine | Define bombardment

Dictionary Definition

bombardment

Noun

1 the act (or an instance) of subjecting a body or substance to the impact of high-energy particles (as electrons or alpha rays)
2 the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target; "they laid down a barrage in front of the advancing troops"; "the shelling went on for hours without pausing" [syn: barrage, barrage fire, battery, shelling]
3 an attack by dropping bombs [syn: bombing]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. the act of bombing, esp towns or cities
  2. heavy artillery fire

Translations

act of bombing, esp towns or cities
heavy artillery fire

Extensive Definition

''This article is about the military attack form. For information about the Dodgeball-like game see Pin Guard.
A bombardment is an attack by artillery fire directed against fortifications, troops or towns and buildings. In its strict sense the term is only applied to the bombardment of defenceless or undefended objects, houses, public buildings, etc., by an assailant with the object of disheartening his opponent, and specially to force the civil population and authorities of a besieged place to persuade their military commander to capitulate before the actual defences of the place have been reduced to impotence. The practice was especially common during the 19th century; during the 20th century the tactic was largely superseded by the use of aircraft and missiles in various ways, under the general term "bombing".
Bombardment can only achieve its objective when the amount of suffering inflicted upon non-combatants is sufficient to break down their resolution, and when the commander permits himself to be influenced or coerced by the sufferers. A threat of bombardment will sometimes induce the target to surrender, but instances of its fulfillment being followed by success are rare; in general, with a determined commander, bombardments fail in their objective. Further, intentionally intense fire at a large target, unlike the slow, steady and minutely accurate artillery attacks directed upon the fortifications, requires the expenditure of large quantities of ammunition and wears out the guns of the attack. Bombardments are, however, frequently resorted to in order to test the temper of the garrison and the civil population, a notable instance being the Siege of Strasbourg in 1870. The term has evolved during the twentieth century to incorporate boarder massed artillery attacks by one army against another, for example the front wide bombardment prior to the 1916 attack on the Somme or the massed bombardments proceeding Operation Uranus during the second world war. The term was previously often loosely employed to describe artillery attacks upon forts or fortified positions in preparation for assaults by infantry.

References

bombardment in Spanish: Bombardeo aéreo

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

air raid, alpha decay, atom-chipping, atom-smashing, atomic disintegration, atomic reaction, atomization, beta decay, blitz, blitzkrieg, breeding, broadside, bullet, burst, cannonade, chain reaction, cleavage, disintegration series, dissociation, drumfire, exchange reaction, fission, fission reaction, fusillade, gamma decay, hail, ionization, lightning attack, lightning war, neutron reaction, nonreversible reaction, nuclear fission, nucleization, photodisintegration, proton gun, proton reaction, reversible reaction, salvo, shower, splitting the atom, stimulation, strafe, strafing, target, thermonuclear reaction, volley
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